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Number of Lawyers in the US in 2023: A Comprehensive Analysis

Hey there! As a passionate streaming geek and cybersecurity professional, I wanted to give you the insider scoop on the state of the legal profession in 2023. How many lawyers are out there plying their trade across the US? What states employ the most attorneys? And is demand for legal services growing or slowing down?

I‘ve done some deep research into the data and trends around American lawyers. Read on for a detailed look at how many lawyers there are, where they work, how much they earn, and more key stats. Let‘s dive in!

The Total Number of Attorneys Keeps Rising Gradually

First, just how many licensed lawyers are there in America today?

According to the American Bar Association (ABA), there were 1,327,010 active attorneys in the United States as of 2022. This number has gradually increased over the past century.

In fact, between 1900 and 2000, the number of US lawyers skyrocketed by a whopping 793% – from 114,460 to over 1 million. Growth has slowed since then, but has remained positive:


Driving this growth is demand for legal services from individuals and businesses combined with the prestige associated with law as a career. Each year, American law schools mint around 40,000 new JD graduates to replenish the attorney ranks.

While the growth has decelerated post-2000, America still boasts the world‘s largest lawyer population by a wide margin. So in 2023, expect the overall number of lawyers nationally to remain stable at around 1.3 million give or take some slight fluctuations.

New York and California Are the Lawyer Capitals

One reason America has so many lawyers is that highly populous states like New York and California have huge attorney populations:

  • New York – 187,246 lawyers
  • California – 170,306 lawyers

In fact, these two states alone are home to roughly 25% of all American lawyers. Texas, Florida, and Illinois round out the top 5 states by overall lawyer numbers.

But on a per capita basis, New York truly stands out, with 9.3 lawyers for every 1,000 residents. This high concentration of lawyers gives New York City its reputation as the epicenter of American law. Other lawyer-dense states include Maryland (6.6 per 1,000) and Massachusetts (6.1 per 1,000).

By comparison, more rural states like North Dakota only have 1 or 2 lawyers for every 1,000 people. So lawyer populations tend to congregate in urban legal hubs.

Lawyer Employment is Concentrated in Major Metro Areas

When it comes to lawyer jobs specifically, California again leads the pack with over 90,120 lawyers actively employed in the state. New York (81,890 employed lawyers), Florida, Texas, and Washington D.C. round out the top 5 regions for lawyer employment.

Location quotients from the Bureau of Labor Statistics also show that demand for lawyers is highest in major metro regions like:

  • Washington, D.C.
  • Miami, FL
  • Tallahassee, FL
  • New York, NY
  • Santa Fe, NM

So job prospects tend to be most abundant in and around these urban legal hotspots where businesses, government, and citizens have high demand for legal services.

How Does Lawyer Compensation Stack Up?

One major reason people pursue a career in law is the promise of high earnings. According to Bureau of Labor Statistics data, lawyers make:

  • Average salary across industries: $166,640/year
  • Average in legal services industry: $168,930/year
  • Average in D.C. (top-paying state): $226,510/year

So lawyer income can vary quite a bit based on practice area, firm size, years of experience, performance, and location. But overall six-figure salaries are common, especially in major metro regions and big law firms. Partners at elite firms can even make millions per year!

But Rising Tuition and Debt Are Controversial

The high cost of law school and student loan debt loads have sparked debate though. Law school tuition now averages over $45,000 per year at private schools.

And according to the ABA, over 70% of law graduates take on debt, with the average being $124,000. This heavy debt burden makes it riskier to pursue a law degree today, especially if the job market declines.

Critics argue this high tuition prevents less affluent students from attending top schools, limiting diversity. There are also too few scholarship and debt forgiveness options available to alleviate the problem.

Diversity in the Profession Gradually Improving

Speaking of diversity, the legal profession remains predominantly white, with around 81% of lawyers identifying as Caucasian/white. This number has dropped over time as law becomes more accessible to minorities, but progress is gradual:

  • Hispanic – 5.8% of lawyers
  • Asian – 5.5% of lawyers
  • Black – 4.5% of lawyers

Hispanic and Black Americans, for example, are still underrepresented relative to their share of the U.S. population. So there is room for the legal field to better reflect America‘s racial diversity.

Is Demand for Lawyers Growing or Shrinking?

Looking ahead, the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts robust 8% growth in lawyer jobs through 2030. Ongoing needs for legal services from businesses and individuals plus high pay prospects will continue to drive law school enrollment and graduates entering the profession.

However, technology is disrupting the industry in ways that may reduce job growth. Tasks like document review and legal research are increasingly automated. Legal AI tools now can scan and analyze contracts faster than humans. Virtual law firms and online legal service platforms also expand access to legal help at lower prices.

So while demand remains strong overall, technology and business model shifts may inhibit lawyer job growth relative to past decades. Those considering law should focus on high-value skills like negotiation, critical thinking, and client counseling that machines can‘t easily replicate.

The Bottom Line

In 2023 and beyond, the legal profession will continue to employ over 1.3 million lawyers across the country, providing essential services that help America function and uphold the rule of law. Most lawyers will work in major urban hubs where legal needs are concentrated. And competition will remain fierce for entry-level law jobs at the best firms and highest-paying practices.

Law‘s reputation as a prestigious, lucrative career path will keep law schools minting tens of thousands of new JDs annually, despite high costs and uncertain job prospects for grads. Those able to nab jobs should enjoy strong security and comfortable salaries. But all aspiring and current lawyers must continually assess how technology and business innovations are transforming the practice of law in America.

There you have it – my in-depth look at lawyer demographics and trends in 2023! Let me know if you have any other legal profession stats or insights you‘d like me to explore. I‘m always happy to put my research skills to work for you!



Michael Reddy is a tech enthusiast, entertainment buff, and avid traveler who loves exploring Linux and sharing unique insights with readers.